Monday, April 17, 2006


Easter is the most important religious holiday of the Christian liturgical year, observed to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus, which Christians believe occurred after his death by crucifixion. In most languages of Christian societies, other than English, German and some Slavic languages, the holiday's name is derived from Pesach, the Hebrew name of Passover, a Jewish holiday to which the Christian Easter is intimately linked. The English and German names, "Easter" and "Ostern" are related to ancient names for the month of April, Eostremonat and Ostaramanoth respectively, which was dedicated to the pagan fertility goddess Eostre.
The Easter festival is kept in many different ways among Western Christians. The traditional, liturgical observation of Easter, as practiced among Roman Catholics and some Lutherans and Anglicans begins on the night of Holy Saturday with the Easter Vigil. This, the most important and most beautiful liturgy of the year, begins in total darkness with the blessing of the Easter fire, the lighting of the large Paschal candle (symbolic of the Risen Christ) and the chanting of the Exsultet or Easter Proclamation attributed to Saint Ambrose of Milan. After this service of light, a number of readings from the Old Testament are read; these tell the stories of creation, the sacrifice of Isaac, the crossing of the Red Sea, and the foretold coming of the Messiah. This part of the service climaxes with the singing of the Alleluia and the proclamation of the gospel of the resurrection. A sermon may be preached after the gospel. Then the focus moves from the lectern to the font. Anciently, Easter was considered the most perfect time to receive baptism and this practice is alive in Roman Catholicism, as it is the time when new members are initiated into the Church, and it is being revived in some other circles. Whether there are baptisms at this point or not, it is traditional for the congregation to renew the vows of their baptismal faith. This act is often sealed by the sprinkling of the congregation with holy water from the font. The Catholic sacrament of Confirmation is also celebrated at the Vigil. The Easter Vigil concludes with the celebration of the Eucharist and Holy Communion. Additional celebrations are usually offered on Easter Sunday itself. Some churches read the Old Testament lessons before the procession of the Paschal candle, and then read the gospel immediately after the Exsultet. Some churches prefer to keep this vigil very early on the Sunday morning instead of the Saturday night, particularly Protestant churches, to reflect the gospel account of the women coming to the tomb at dawn on the first day of the week. These services are known as the Sunrise service and often occur in outdoor setting such as the church's yard or a nearby park.
Where I come from, Easter is also a day to gather the enlarged family and celebrate our faith together. This year, for the first time in my life, I wasn't at home for Easter. I therefore gathered with some friends at Ante's place and spent the day eating, drinking and sharing cultural differences and common approaches. It was a very nice Easter day and even though I missed my family, I enjoyed the company of new good friends.
Some of them are believers, some others don't. But I guess that, in a way or another, we all understood the main message of Christ's resurrection: History can never be stopped!


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